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Title: Direct and indirect effects of training vouchers for the unemployed

Author(s): Martin Huber, Michael Lechner and Anthony Strittmatter

Publication Date: June 2015

Keyword(s): causal channels, causal mechanisms, direct effects, indirect effects, matching estimation, Mediation analysis, training programmes and voucher award

Programme Area(s): Labour Economics

Abstract: This paper evaluates the effect of a voucher award system for assignment into vocational training on the employment outcomes of unemployed voucher recipients in Germany, along with the causal mechanisms through which it operates. It assesses the direct effect of voucher assignment net of actual redemption, which may be driven by preference shaping/learning about (possibilities of) human capital investments or simply by costs of information gathering. Using a mediation analysis framework based on sequential conditional independence assumptions and semiparametric matching estimators, our results suggest that the negative short term and positive long term employment effects of voucher award are mainly driven by actual training participation. However, also the direct effect of just obtaining the voucher is negative in the short run. This points to potential efficiency losses of voucher award systems if individuals decide not to redeem, as employment chances are lower than under non-award in the short run and under redemption in the long run, making non-redemption the least attractive option.

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Bibliographic Reference

Huber, M, Lechner, M and Strittmatter, A. 2015. 'Direct and indirect effects of training vouchers for the unemployed'. London, Centre for Economic Policy Research. http://www.cepr.org/active/publications/discussion_papers/dp.php?dpno=10650