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Title: The long run effects of labor migration on human capital formation in communities of origin

Author(s): Taryn Dinkelman and Martine Mariotti

Publication Date: February 2016

Keyword(s): Africa, human capital formation, labor migration, long run impacts and origin communities

Programme Area(s): Development Economics, Economic History and Labour Economics

Abstract: We provide new evidence of one channel through which circular labor migration has long run effects on origin communities: by raising completed human capital of the next generation. We estimate the net effects of migration from Malawi to South African mines using newly digitized Census and administrative data on access to mine jobs, a difference-in-differences strategy and two opposite-signed and plausibly exogenous shocks to the option to migrate. Twenty years after these shocks, human capital is 4.8-6.9% higher among cohorts who were eligible for schooling in communities with the easiest access to migrant jobs.

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Bibliographic Reference

Dinkelman, T and Mariotti, M. 2016. 'The long run effects of labor migration on human capital formation in communities of origin'. London, Centre for Economic Policy Research. http://www.cepr.org/active/publications/discussion_papers/dp.php?dpno=11134