DP11199 Clans, Guilds, and Markets: Apprenticeship Institutions and Growth in the Pre-Industrial Economy

Author(s): David de la Croix, Matthias Doepke, Joel Mokyr
Publication Date: March 2016
Keyword(s): Apprenticeship, Clans, Dissemination of Knowledge, Guilds
JEL(s): E02, J24, N10, N30, O33, O43
Programme Areas: Economic History, Macroeconomics and Growth
Link to this Page: www.cepr.org/active/publications/discussion_papers/dp.php?dpno=11199

In the centuries leading up to the Industrial Revolution, Western Europe gradually pulled ahead of other world regions in terms of technological creativity, population growth, and income per capita. We argue that superior institutions for the creation and dissemination of productive knowledge help explain the European advantage. We build a model of technological progress in a pre-industrial economy that emphasizes the person-to-person transmission of tacit knowledge. The young learn as apprentices from the old. Institutions such as the family, the clan, the guild, and the market organize who learns from whom. We argue that medieval European institutions such as guilds, and specific features such as journeymanship, can explain the rise of Europe relative to regions that relied on the transmission of knowledge within extended families or clans