DP3421 Recent Trends in Occupational Segregation by Gender: A Look Across the Atlantic

Author(s): Juan J. Dolado, Florentino Felgueroso, Juan F Jimeno
Publication Date: June 2002
Keyword(s): gender wage gap, occupational segregation, part-time jobs
JEL(s): J21, J22, J24
Programme Areas: Labour Economics
Link to this Page: www.cepr.org/active/publications/discussion_papers/dp.php?dpno=3421

In this Paper, we analyse the recent patterns of occupational segregation by gender in the EU countries vis-รก-vis the US. Given the lack of long time-series data on homogeneous LFS data about occupations and educational attainments for male and female workers in EU countries, we use a single cross section corresponding to 1999 as the basis of comparison, hoping to uncover convergence trends by examining whether the EU-Us differentials in gender occupational segregation decline across age cohorts. The main findings of our study are: (i) gender segregation has been declining across age cohorts in the case of female graduates and has remained steady for those with lower educational levels; in particular, the level of segregation for the former group is higher in the EU than in the US; (ii) gender segregation seems to be positively correlated with the share of part-time jobs; and (iii) there is some evidence, albeit a weak one, that the gender wage gap and occupational segregation are positively correlated, particularly when the Scandinavian countries are excluded from the sample.