DP4223 The Effect of Disability on Labour Market Outcomes in Germany: Evidence from Matching

Author(s): Michael Lechner, Rosalia Vazquez-Alvarez
Publication Date: February 2004
Keyword(s): causality, evaluation of disability policies, health status, I12, labour market outcomes, matching on the propensity score, treatment effect
JEL(s): C13, C14, I18, J23
Programme Areas: Labour Economics
Link to this Page: www.cepr.org/active/publications/discussion_papers/dp.php?dpno=4223

If labour market policies aimed at people with disabilities are effective, we should observe no significant difference in labour market outcomes between disabled and non-disabled individuals. This Paper examines the impact of disability status on labour market outcomes using matching methods associated with treatment effect techniques for programme evaluation. Such techniques are fairly robust with respect to model misspecification and account for the common support problem, thus improving the identification and estimation strategy. Using the German Socio-Economic Panel (1984-2001) we estimate the impact of disability on labour market participation and different income measures. We find that those who are not disabled experience higher employment rates and higher earnings relative to those who have become disabled. This difference is almost always significant for all labour market outcomes considered.