DP4515 Labour Market Prospects, Search Intensity and Transition from College to Work
|Author(s):||Peter Berkhout, Bas van der Klaauw, Aico van Vuuren|
|Publication Date:||August 2004|
|Keyword(s):||business cycle, return-to-work experience, structural estimation|
|Programme Areas:||Labour Economics|
|Link to this Page:||www.cepr.org/active/publications/discussion_papers/dp.php?dpno=4515|
In this Paper, we develop a structural model for the job search behaviour of students entering the labour market. The model includes endogenous search effort and on-the-job searches. Since students usually do not start a regular job before graduation but start job searches earlier, our model is non-stationary even if all structural parameters are constant. The model explains the common finding that a substantial share of individuals start working immediately upon graduation. We estimate the model using a unique data set of individuals who completed undergraduate education in the Netherlands between 1995 and 2001. Our estimation results show that a 1% decrease in unemployment rate increases wage offers by 3%, that there are substantial returns to work experience and that individuals devote less effort to job search than optimal. Employment rates at graduation could be increased from 40% to 65% if all individuals start job searches 6 month prior to graduation.