DP5826 On the Extent of Re-Entitlement Effects in Unemployment Compensation

Author(s): Javier Ortega, Laurence Rioux
Publication Date: September 2006
Keyword(s): matching, re-entitlement effects, unemployment compensation
JEL(s): J41, J65
Programme Areas: Labour Economics
Link to this Page: www.cepr.org/active/publications/discussion_papers/dp.php?dpno=5826

A dynamic labour matching economy is presented, in which the unemployed are either entitled to unemployment insurance (UI) or unemployment assistance (UA), and the employees are either eligible for UI or UA upon future separations. Eligibility for UI requires a minimum duration of contributions and UI benefits are then paid for a limited duration. Workers are risk-averse and wages are determined in a bilateral Nash bargain. As eligibility for UI does not automatically follow from employment, the two types of unemployed workers have different threat points, which delivers equilibrium wage dispersion. Most of the variables and parameters of the model are estimated using the French sample of the European Community Household Panel (1994-2000). We show that extending the UI entitlement improves the situation of all groups of workers and slightly lowers unemployment, while raising UI benefits harms the unemployed on assistance and raises unemployment. Easier eligibility for UI also improves the situation of all groups of workers and favours relatively more the least well-off than longer entitlement. Unifying the French unemployment compensation system would raise both wages and unemployment by around 1.5%. The re-entitlement effect in France lowers by 8% the rise in the wage and by 13% the rise in unemployment following a 10% increase in UI benefits.