DP6899 Migration, the Quality of the Labour Force and Economic Inequality

Author(s): Martin Kahanec, Klaus F Zimmermann
Publication Date: July 2008
Keyword(s): ethnicity, Gini-coefficient, human capital, income distribution, Inequality, migration, minority, skill allocation
JEL(s): D33, E25, F22, J15, J61, O15
Programme Areas: Labour Economics
Link to this Page: www.cepr.org/active/publications/discussion_papers/dp.php?dpno=6899

Mobility of workers involves flows of labour, human capital and other production factors and thus contributes to a more efficient allocation of resources. Besides these effects on allocative efficiency, migrant flows affect relative wages and also change the international and national distribution of skills and thereby equality in the receiving society. This paper suggests that skilled immigration promotes economic equality in advanced economies under standard conditions. The context is theoretically explained in a core model and empirically documented using unique data from the WIID database and OECD.