DP8261 Fertility and the Plough
|Author(s):||Alberto F Alesina, Paola Giuliano, Nathan Nunn|
|Publication Date:||February 2011|
|Keyword(s):||cultural norms, fertility, plough|
|Programme Areas:||Labour Economics|
|Link to this Page:||www.cepr.org/active/publications/discussion_papers/dp.php?dpno=8261|
The current study finds that societies which historically engaged in plough agriculture today have lower fertility. We argue, and provide ethnographic evidence, that the finding is explained by the fact that with plough agriculture, children, like women, are relatively less useful in the field. The plough requires strength and eliminates the need for weeding, a task particularly suitable for women and children. This in turn generates a preference for fewer children, lowering fertility.