DP8295 The Threat Effect of Participation in Active Labor Market Programs on Job Search Behavior of Migrants in Germany

Author(s): Gerard van den Berg, Annette Bergemann, Marco Caliendo, Klaus F Zimmermann
Publication Date: March 2011
Keyword(s): active labor market policy, expectations, immigrants, policy evaluation, program evaluation, reservation wage, search effort, unemployment duration
JEL(s): C21, D83, D84, J61, J64
Programme Areas: Labour Economics
Link to this Page: www.cepr.org/active/publications/discussion_papers/dp.php?dpno=8295

Labor market programs may affect unemployed individuals’ behavior before they enroll. Such ex ante effects may differ according to ethnic origin. We apply a novel method that relates self-reported perceived treatment rates and job search behavioral outcomes, such as the reservation wage or search intensity, to each other. We compare German native workers with migrants with a Turkish origin or Central and Eastern European (including Russian) background. Job search theory is used to derive theoretical predictions. We examine the omnibus ex ante effect of the German ALMP system, using the novel IZA Evaluation Data Set, which includes self-reported assessments of the variables of interest as well as an unusually detailed amount of information on behavior, attitudes and past outcomes. We find that the ex ante threat effect on the reservation wage and search effort varies considerably among the groups considered.