Arvind Subramanian is a visiting lecturer at Harvard’s Kennedy School of Government and non-resident Senior Fellow, Peterson Institute for International Economics. He is the former Chief Economic Adviser to the Government of India. Previously, he was the Dennis Weatherstone Senior Fellow at the Peterson Institute for International Economics, Senior Fellow at the Center for Global Development and Senior Research Professor at Johns Hopkins University. He had served at the International Monetary Fund since 1992, most recently as Assistant Director in the research department (2004–07). He worked at the GATT (1988–92) during the Uruguay Round of trade negotiations and taught at Harvard University’s Kennedy School of Government (1999–2000). During his career at the Fund, he worked on trade, development, Africa, India, and the Middle East. Subramanian has written on growth, trade, development, institutions, aid, oil, India, Africa, the World Trade Organization, and intellectual property. He has published widely in academic and other journals. He is the author of Eclipse: Living in the Shadow of China’s Economic Dominance and other books on climate change, India and trade. He obtained his undergraduate degree from St. Stephens College, Delhi; MBA from the Indian Institute of Management, Ahmedabad, India; and M.Phil. and D.Phil. from the University of Oxford.