Gerald A. Carlino is a Senior Economic Adviser and Economist in the Research Department of the Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia, which he joined in 1981. Carlino is a Fellow of the Regional Science Association International and a Senior Fellow at the Rimini Center for Economic Analysis. Carlino is Associate Editor of the Journal of Urban Economics, Regional Science and Urban Economics, and the Journal of Regional Science. Carlino has taught at the Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania, the University of Pittsburgh, the University of Missouri, and Florida International University.Carlino earned a PhD in economics from the University of Pittsburgh in 1976. His research interests include economic geography, regional economic growth and convergence, urban agglomeration economies, and regional business cycle models. He has published in the Journal of Regional Science, the Journal of Urban Economics, Regional Science and Urban Economics, Urban Studies, the Review of Economics and Statistics, the Journal of Monetary Economics, and the Journal of Money, Credit and Banking. He wrote the book Economies of Scale in Manufacturing Location.