Mr. Giovanni Ganelli, an Italian national, joined the IMF in 2003. He is currently a Senior Economist in the Fund's Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific (OAP) in Tokyo. Before being assigned to OAP in 2012, he was based at the IMF's Headquarters in Washington DC, where he worked in the Fiscal Affairs, European and Institute for Capacity Development departments. During his IMF career he participated in several missions to various countries in Asia, Europe and Africa. In 2010 he went on leave from the Fund for one year and worked for the World Bank in Cambodia, where he was also a Guest Lecturer at the Royal University of Phnom Penh.He is currently a member of the IMF team which carries out the annual Article IV consultation with Japan. He holds an undergraduate degree in Economics and Statistics from the University of Rome “La Sapienza” and a Master and a PhD in Economics from the University of Warwick (UK). Before joining the Fund, he was a Research Fellow at Trinity College Dublin. His research, which is published in various scientific journals including the Journal of International Economics, the Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control and Economics Letters, focuses on fiscal policy issues and, more recently, structural reforms in Japan.