James Boughton is a Senior Fellow at the Centre for International Governance Innovation (CIGI). From 1992 to 2012, he was Historian of the International Monetary Fund. In 2001-10, he also served as Assistant Director in the Strategy, Policy, and Review Department at the IMF. From 1981 until he was named Historian, he held various positions in the IMF Research Department. Dr. Boughton holds a Ph.D. in economics from Duke University, and before joining the IMF staff, he was Professor of Economics at Indiana University and had served as an Economist at the OECD in Paris. He has written two volumes of IMF history: Silent Revolution: The International Monetary Fund 1979-1989 and Tearing Down Walls: The International Monetary Fund 1990-1999. His publications also include a textbook on money and banking, a book on the U.S. Federal funds market, several books that he edited or co-edited, and articles in professional journals on international finance, monetary theory and policy, international policy coordination, and the history of economic thought.