James X. Zhan is director of investment and enterprise at UNCTAD. He leads the World Investment Report and is editor-in-chief of the Transnational Corporations Journal. He chairs the Governing Board of the UN Sustainable Stock Exchanges Initiative (with members of major stock exchanges worldwide). He has provided policy advice to numerous governments (including heads of states and cabinets) and parliaments. He led the formulation of global guidelines for a new generation of investment policies and the establishment of the World Investment Forum. He is chief strategist for the World Association of Investment Promotion Agencies and was Global Agenda Council member of the World Economic Forum. He has held several advisory positions in academic institutions (including Cambridge University, Columbia University, Cornell University and Oxford University). He has extensive publications on trade, investment and technology related economic and legal issues.