Jeromin Zettelmeyer is Director of Bruegel and a CEPR research fellow. He was previously Deputy Director of the IMF’s Strategy and Policy Review Department (2019-2022), Senior Fellow at the Peterson Institute for International Economics (2016-19), Director-General for Economic Policy at the German Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy (2014-16); Director of Research and Deputy Chief Economist at the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (2008-2014), and an IMF staff member, where he worked in the Research, Western Hemisphere, and European II Departments (1994-2008). His research interests include EMU governance, financial crises, and sovereign debt.