Winters is Professor of Economics at the University of Sussex and Founder and Director of the UK Trade Policy Observatory. He is a CEPR Research Fellow and has served as Co-Director of the Centre's International Trade Programme. He has also been Chief Economist at the UK Department for International Development (2008-11), Director of the Development Research Group (2004-7), Division Chief and Research Manager (1994-9), and Economist (1983-5) at the World Bank. He has been Editor of the World Bank Economic Review and Associate Editor of the Economic Journal and is currently edtor of The World Trade Review . He has advised, inter alia, the OECD, DfID, the Commonwealth Secretariat, the European Commission, the European Parliament, UNCTAD, the WTO, and the Inter-American Development Bank.