Discussion Paper Details

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Title: Labour Adjustment and Gradual Reform: Is Commitment Important?

Author(s): Larry Karp and Thierry Paul

Publication Date: January 1995

Keyword(s): Adjustment Costs, Dynamic Tariffs, Markov Perfection and Time Inconsistency

Programme Area(s): Human Resources and International Trade and Regional Economics

Abstract: We analyse a model in which a government uses a second-best policy to affect the reallocation of labour, following a change in relative prices. We consider two extreme cases, in which the government has either unlimited or negligible ability to commit to future actions. We explain why the ability to make commitments may be unimportant, and we illustrate this conjecture with numerical examples. For either assumption about commitment ability, the equilibrium policy involves gradual liberalization. The dying sector is protected during the transition to a free market, in order to decrease the amount of unemployment. Our results are sensitive to the assumptions about migration.

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Bibliographic Reference

Karp, L and Paul, T. 1995. 'Labour Adjustment and Gradual Reform: Is Commitment Important?'. London, Centre for Economic Policy Research.