Discussion Paper Details

Please find the details for DP11621 in an easy to copy and paste format below:

Full Details   |   Bibliographic Reference

Full Details

Title: Nation Building: The Role of Central Spending in Education

Author(s): Francesco Cinnirella and Ruth M. Schueler

Publication Date: November 2016

Keyword(s): indoctrination, Nation building, primary education and Prussian Economic History

Programme Area(s): Economic History

Abstract: It is generally argued that, in the context of Imperial Germany, public primary education was used to form "loyal citizen" and to build a nation. In this paper we analyze to what extent central spending on primary education affected participation at general elections and votes for pro-nationalist parties. We combine census data on the sources of school funding with federal election data at the level of 199 constituencies in five-year intervals from 1886 to 1911. Panel estimates of models with constituency and time-fixed effects show that an increase in the share of central spending is positively related to the vote share of pro-nationalist parties and voter turnout. Results from models with lagged central spending by category of expenditure are consistent with the role of indoctrination of public primary education.

For full details and related downloads, please visit:

Bibliographic Reference

Cinnirella, F and Schueler, R. 2016. 'Nation Building: The Role of Central Spending in Education'. London, Centre for Economic Policy Research.