Discussion Paper Details

Please find the details for DP11685 in an easy to copy and paste format below:

Full Details   |   Bibliographic Reference

Full Details

Title: Performance in Mixed-sex and Single-sex Tournaments: What We Can Learn from Speedboat Races in Japan

Author(s): Alison L Booth and Eiji Yamamura

Publication Date: December 2016

Keyword(s): gender and competition, gender identity, peer effects, tournaments and women's labor participation

Programme Area(s): Labour Economics

Abstract: In speedboat racing in Japan, women racers participate and compete in races under the same conditions as men, and all individuals are randomly assigned to mixed-sex or single-sex groups for each race. We use a sample of over 140,000 observations of individual-level racing records provided by the Japanese Speedboat Racing Association to examine how male-dominated circumstances affect women’s racing performance. We control for individual fixed-effects plus a host of other factors affecting performance including ability-proxies. Our fixed-effects estimates reveal that women’s race-time is slower in mixed-sex races than in all-women races, whereas men racer’s time is faster in mixed-sex races than men-only races. The same result is also found for place-in-race. Moreover, in mixed-sex races, male racers are found to be more ‘aggressive’ – as proxied by lane-changing – in spite of the risk of being penalized if they contravene the rules, whereas women follow less aggressive strategies. We find no difference in disqualifications between genders.

For full details and related downloads, please visit:

Bibliographic Reference

Booth, A and Yamamura, E. 2016. 'Performance in Mixed-sex and Single-sex Tournaments: What We Can Learn from Speedboat Races in Japan'. London, Centre for Economic Policy Research.