Discussion Paper Details

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Title: Secondary Towns and Poverty Reduction: Refocusing the Urbanization Agenda

Author(s): Luc Christiaensen and Ravi Kanbur

Publication Date: June 2017

Keyword(s): Mega Cities, Poverty Reduction, Rural-Urban Migration, Secondary Towns, Urbanization and Zipf??s Law

Programme Area(s): Development Economics

Abstract: This review is framed around the exploration of a central hypothesis: A shift in public investment towards secondary towns from big cities will improve poverty reduction performance. Of course the hypothesis raises many questions. What exactly is the dichotomy of secondary towns versus big cities? What is the evidence for the contribution of secondary towns versus cities to poverty reduction? What are the economic mechanisms for such a differential contribution and how does policy interact with them? We find preliminary evidence and arguments in support of our hypothesis, but the impacts of policy on poverty are quite complex even in simple settings, and the question of secondary towns and poverty reduction is an open area for research and policy analysis.

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Bibliographic Reference

Christiaensen, L and Kanbur, R. 2017. 'Secondary Towns and Poverty Reduction: Refocusing the Urbanization Agenda'. London, Centre for Economic Policy Research.