Citation

Discussion Paper Details

Please find the details for DP12796 in an easy to copy and paste format below:

Full Details   |   Bibliographic Reference

Full Details

Title: Effectiveness of Connected Legislators

Author(s): Marco Battaglini, Valerio Leone Sciabolazza and Eleonora Patacchini

Publication Date: March 2018

Keyword(s): economics of networks and Legislative effectiveness

Programme Area(s): Public Economics

Abstract: In this paper, we study the extent to which social connections influence the legislative effectiveness of members of the U.S. Congress. We propose a new model of legislative effectiveness that formalizes the role of social connections and generates simple testable predictions. The model predicts that a legislator's equilibrium effectiveness is proportional to a specific weighted Katz-Bonacich centrality in the network of social connections, where the weights depend on the legislators' characteristics. We then propose a new empirical strategy to test the theoretical predictions using the network of cosponsorship links in the 109th-113th Congresses. The strategy addresses network endogeneity by implementing a two-step Heckman correction based on an original instrument: the legislators' alumni connections. We find that, in the absence of a correction, all measures of centrality in the cosponsorship network are significant. When we control for network endogeneity, however, only the measure suggested by the model remains significant, and the fit of the estimation is improved. We also study the influence of legislators' characteristics on the size of network effects. In doing so, we provide new insights into how social connectedness interacts with factors such as seniority, partisanship and legislative leadership in determining legislators' effectiveness.

For full details and related downloads, please visit: https://cepr.org/active/publications/discussion_papers/dp.php?dpno=12796

Bibliographic Reference

Battaglini, M, Leone Sciabolazza, V and Patacchini, E. 2018. 'Effectiveness of Connected Legislators'. London, Centre for Economic Policy Research. https://cepr.org/active/publications/discussion_papers/dp.php?dpno=12796