Citation

Discussion Paper Details

Please find the details for DP13238 in an easy to copy and paste format below:

Full Details   |   Bibliographic Reference

Full Details

Title: Voter Bias and Women in Politics

Author(s): Thomas Le Barbanchon and Julien Sauvagnat

Publication Date: October 2018

Keyword(s): Electoral Competition, gender attitudes, Gender Quotas and women in politics

Programme Area(s): Labour Economics and Public Economics

Abstract: We study and quantify the implications of voter bias and electoral competition for politicians' gender composition. Unfavorable voters' attitudes towards women correlate negatively with female candidates' share in Parliamentary elections. Using within-candidate variation, we find that female candidates obtain fewer votes in French municipalities with higher gender earnings gaps. We show theoretically that when voters are biased against women, parties facing gender quotas select male candidates in the most contestable districts. We find strong empirical support for such a strategic party response to voter gender bias. Simulating our calibrated model confirms that competition significantly hinders the effectiveness of gender quotas.

For full details and related downloads, please visit: https://cepr.org/active/publications/discussion_papers/dp.php?dpno=13238

Bibliographic Reference

Le Barbanchon, T and Sauvagnat, J. 2018. 'Voter Bias and Women in Politics'. London, Centre for Economic Policy Research. https://cepr.org/active/publications/discussion_papers/dp.php?dpno=13238