Discussion Paper Details

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Title: Education and Conflict: Evidence from a Policy Experiment in Indonesia

Author(s): Dominic Rohner and Alessandro Saia

Publication Date: February 2019

Keyword(s): Civil War, conflict, education, Fighting, Polarization, protest, Returns to education and Schools

Programme Area(s): Development Economics and Public Economics

Abstract: This paper studies the impact of school construction on the likelihood of conflict, drawing on a policy experiment in Indonesia, and collecting our own novel dataset on political violence for 289 districts in Indonesia over the period 1955-1994. We find that education has a strong, robust and quantitatively sizeable conflict-reducing impact. It is shown that the channels of transmission are both related to economic factors as well as to an increase in inter-religious trust and tolerance. Interestingly, while societal mechanisms are found to have an immediate impact, economic channels only gain importance after some years. We also show that school construction results in a shift away from violent means of expression (armed conflict) towards non-violent ones (peaceful protests).

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Bibliographic Reference

Rohner, D and Saia, A. 2019. 'Education and Conflict: Evidence from a Policy Experiment in Indonesia'. London, Centre for Economic Policy Research.