Discussion Paper Details

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Title: Diversity and Conflict

Author(s): Cemal , Quamrul H. Ashraf, Oded Galor and Marc Klemp

Publication Date: June 2019

Keyword(s): ethnic fractionalization, ethnic polarization, interpersonal trust, Political Preferences, population diversity and Social conflict

Programme Area(s): Economic History and Macroeconomics and Growth

Abstract: This research advances the hypothesis and establishes empirically that interpersonal population diversity has contributed significantly to the emergence, prevalence, recurrence, and severity of intrasocietal conflicts. Exploiting an exogenous source of variations in population diversity across nations and ethnic groups, it demonstrates that population diversity, as determined predominantly during the exodus of humans from Africa tens of thousands of years ago, has contributed significantly to the risk and intensity of historical and contemporary civil conflicts. The findings arguably reflect the adverse effect of population diversity on interpersonal trust, its contribution to divergence in preferences for public goods and redistributive policies, and its impact on the degree of fractionalization and polarization across ethnic, linguistic, and religious groups.

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Bibliographic Reference

, C, Ashraf, Q, Galor, O and Klemp, M. 2019. 'Diversity and Conflict'. London, Centre for Economic Policy Research.