Discussion Paper Details

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Title: The Global Transmission of U.S. Monetary Policy

Author(s): Riccardo Degasperi, Simon Hong and Giovanni Ricco

Publication Date: March 2020

Keyword(s): Exchange Rates, Foreign Spillovers, monetary policy and trilemma

Programme Area(s): International Macroeconomics and Finance and Monetary Economics and Fluctuations

Abstract: This paper studies the transmission of US monetary shocks across the globe by employing a high-frequency identification of policy shocks and large VAR techniques, in conjunction with a large macro-financial dataset of global and national indicators covering both advanced and emerging economies. Our identification controls for the information effects of monetary policy and allows for the separate analysis of tightenings and loosenings of the policy stance. First, we document that US policy shocks have large real and nominal spillover effects that affect both advanced economies and emerging markets. Policy actions cannot fully isolate national economies, even in the case of advanced economies with flexible exchange rates. Second, we investigate the channels of transmission and find that both trade and financial channels are activated and that there is an independent role for oil and commodity prices. Third, we show that effects are asymmetric and larger in the case of contractionary US monetary policy shocks. Finally, we contrast the transmission mechanisms of countries with different exchange rates, exposure to the dollar, and capital control regimes.

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Bibliographic Reference

Degasperi, R, Hong, S and Ricco, G. 2020. 'The Global Transmission of U.S. Monetary Policy'. London, Centre for Economic Policy Research.