Discussion Paper Details

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Title: Evolving from a Rum State: Australia's Alcohol Consumption

Author(s): Kym Anderson

Publication Date: May 2020

Keyword(s): Alcohol beverage consumption mix, Beverage consumption intensity index and Wine globalization

Programme Area(s): International Trade and Regional Economics

Abstract: Europeans settlers in the Australian colonies had a reputation of being heavy drinkers. Rum dominated during the first few decades, followed by beer. It took until the 1970s before Australia's annual per capita consumption of wine exceeded 10 litres, and even then wine represented only one-fifth of national alcohol consumption. But over the next two decades per capita wine consumption nearly trebled and beer consumption shrunk ?? the opposite of what happened to global alcohol consumption shares. This paper draws on newly compiled datasets (a) to reveal that Australia was not much more alcoholic than Britain or southern Europe during the nineteenth century and (b) to help explain why it took so long for a consumer interest in wine to emerge in Australia.

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Bibliographic Reference

Anderson, K. 2020. 'Evolving from a Rum State: Australia's Alcohol Consumption'. London, Centre for Economic Policy Research.