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Discussion Paper Details

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Title: The Political Scar of Epidemics

Author(s): Cevat Aksoy, Barry Eichengreen and Orkun Saka

Publication Date: June 2020

Keyword(s): democracy, Epidemics, political approval and Trust

Programme Area(s): Economic History

Abstract: What will be political legacy of the Coronavirus pandemic? We find that epidemic exposure in an individual's "impressionable years" (ages 18 to 25) has a persistent negative effect on confidence in political institutions and leaders. We find similar negative effects on confidence in public health systems, suggesting that the loss of confidence in political leadership and institutions is associated with healthcare-related policies at the time of the epidemic. In line with this argument, our results are mostly driven by individuals who experienced epidemics under weak governments with less capacity to act against the epidemic, disappointing their citizens. We provide evidence of this mechanism by showing that weak governments took longer to introduce policy interventions in response to the COVID-19 outbreak. These results imply that the Coronavirus may leave behind a long-lasting political scar on the current young generation ("Generation Z").

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Bibliographic Reference

Aksoy, C, Eichengreen, B and Saka, O. 2020. 'The Political Scar of Epidemics'. London, Centre for Economic Policy Research. https://cepr.org/active/publications/discussion_papers/dp.php?dpno=14879