Citation

Discussion Paper Details

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Full Details

Title: "Does Higher Hospital Quality Save Lives? The Association between" "COVID-19 Deaths and Hospital Quality in the USA

Author(s): Johannes Kunz and Carol Propper

Publication Date: July 2020

Keyword(s): COVID-19, County-level Deaths, Hospital Quality, Health Care Systems, Minorities

Programme Area(s): Public Economics

Abstract: This paper examines the association between the quality of hospitals to which residents of a US county are exposed and deaths from COVID-19. We derive a measure of the hospitals accessible to county residents based on ambulance travel patterns. We estimate hospital quality from measures of performance used in a flagship national pay-for-performance program. We find that a standard deviation in local quality- exposure is associated with a roughly 9% lower death rate. The preventive effects of access to high quality hospitals vary sharply by minority composition of the local population.

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Bibliographic Reference

Kunz, J and Propper, C. 2020. '"Does Higher Hospital Quality Save Lives? The Association between" "COVID-19 Deaths and Hospital Quality in the USA'. London, Centre for Economic Policy Research. https://cepr.org/active/publications/discussion_papers/dp.php?dpno=15105