Discussion Paper Details

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Title: Credit demand vs. supply channels: Experimental- and administrative-based evidence

Author(s): Valentina Michelangeli, Josť Luis Peydrů and Enrico Sette

Publication Date: September 2020

Keyword(s): bank lending channel, credit demand, credit supply, household balance sheet channel, Mortgages, risk-taking and SMEs

Programme Area(s): International Macroeconomics and Finance

Abstract: This paper identifies and quantifies ‚??for the first time‚?? the relative importance of borrower (credit demand) versus bank (supply) balance-sheet channels. We submit fictitious applications (varying households' characteristics) to the major Italian online-mortgage platform. In this way we ensure that all banks receive exactly the same mortgage applications, and that ‚??for each application‚?? there are other identical ones except for one borrower-level characteristic. We find that: (i) Borrower and bank channels are equally strong in causing (and explaining) loan acceptance (each channel changes acceptance by 50 p.p. for the interquartile range and explains 29% of R-square). (ii) Differently, for pricing, borrower factors are much stronger. (iii) Banks supplying less credit accept riskier borrowers. Finally ‚??exploiting administrative credit register data‚?? we document borrower-lender assortative matching: safer banks have more credit relations with safer firms. Moreover, the measure of credit supply estimated in the experiment (differently from a very similar measure estimated from the observational mortgage data) determines bank credit supply to firms and risk-taking in administrative data.

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Bibliographic Reference

Michelangeli, V, Peydrů, J and Sette, E. 2020. 'Credit demand vs. supply channels: Experimental- and administrative-based evidence'. London, Centre for Economic Policy Research.