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Discussion Paper Details

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Title: Closing the Gap Between Vocational and General Education? Evidence from University Technical Colleges in England

Author(s): Stephen Machin, Sandra McNally, Camille Terrier and Guglielmo Ventura

Publication Date: November 2020

Keyword(s): school value-added, Technical education and tracking

Programme Area(s): Labour Economics

Abstract: England introduced University Technical Colleges (UTCs) in 2010, hybrid schools which combine general and vocational education. We use an instrumental variable approach to evaluate the causal effect of attending a UTC on student academic and vocational achievement and on their labour market outcomes. For pupils who enter at age 14, UTCs dramatically reduce their academic achievement on national exams at age 16. For students who enter at age of 16, UTCs boost vocational achievement without harming academic achievement. They also improve achievement in STEM qualifications, enrolment in apprenticeships, employment prospects (by age 19) and probability of studying STEM at university.

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Bibliographic Reference

Machin, S, McNally, S, Terrier, C and Ventura, G. 2020. 'Closing the Gap Between Vocational and General Education? Evidence from University Technical Colleges in England'. London, Centre for Economic Policy Research. https://cepr.org/active/publications/discussion_papers/dp.php?dpno=15456