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Title: The Gendered Impact of the COVID-19 Recession on the US Labor Market

Author(s): Stefania Albanesi and Jiyeon Kim

Publication Date: February 2021

Keyword(s): COVID-19, employment, gender gaps, labor force participation and unemployment

Programme Area(s): Labour Economics and Macroeconomics and Growth

Abstract: The economic crisis associated with the emergence of the novel corona virus is unlike standard recessions. Demand for workers in high contact and inflexible service occupations has declined, while parental supply of labor has been reduced by lack of access to reliable child care and in-person schooling options. This has led to a substantial and persistent drop in employment and labor force participation for women, who are typically less affected by recessions than men. We examine real time data on employment, unemployment, labor force participation and gross job flows to document the gendered impact of the pandemic. We also discuss the potential long-term implications of this crisis, including the role of automation in depressing the recovery of employment for the worst hit service occupations.

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Bibliographic Reference

Albanesi, S and Kim, J. 2021. 'The Gendered Impact of the COVID-19 Recession on the US Labor Market'. London, Centre for Economic Policy Research. https://cepr.org/active/publications/discussion_papers/dp.php?dpno=15838