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Title: Expectations' Anchoring and Inflation Persistence

Author(s): Rudolfs Bems, Francesca Caselli, Francesco Grigoli and Bertrand Gruss

Publication Date: July 2021

Keyword(s): anchoring, credibility, Inflation expectations, Inflation persistence and terms of trade

Programme Area(s): International Macroeconomics and Finance

Abstract: Understanding the sources of inflation persistence is crucial for monetary policy. This paper provides an assessment of the influence of inflation expectations' anchoring on the persistence of inflation. We construct an index of inflation expectations' anchoring using survey-based inflation forecasts for 45 economies since 1989. We then study the response of consumer prices to terms-of-trade shocks and find that these shocks have a significant and persistent effect on consumer price inflation when expectations are poorly anchored. By contrast, inflation reacts by less and returns quickly to its pre-shock level when expectations are strongly anchored.

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Bibliographic Reference

Bems, R, Caselli, F, Grigoli, F and Gruss, B. 2021. 'Expectations' Anchoring and Inflation Persistence'. London, Centre for Economic Policy Research. https://cepr.org/active/publications/discussion_papers/dp.php?dpno=16391