Discussion Paper Details

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Title: Local Labour Markets, Job Matching and Urban Location

Author(s): Jan Brueckner, Jacques-François Thisse and Yves Zenou

Publication Date: November 2000

Keyword(s): Imperfect Labour Markets, Spatial Mismatch and System Of Cities

Programme Area(s): International Trade and Regional Economics and Labour Economics

Abstract: We present a new way of modelling local labour markets by linking the space of workers' skills and the physical space of cities. The key lesson of our analysis is that firms exploit workers in these two spaces by setting wages that are below the competitive level. The degree of monopsony power depends on the elasticity of the firm's labour pool, which is inversely related to the costs workers incur in commuting and acquiring skills. Our analysis thus shows how socioeconomic ghettos emerge as workers with poor skill matches are also those who incur the highest commuting costs.

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Bibliographic Reference

Brueckner, J, Thisse, J and Zenou, Y. 2000. 'Local Labour Markets, Job Matching and Urban Location'. London, Centre for Economic Policy Research.