Discussion Paper Details

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Title: Tax Spillovers under Separate accounting and Formula Apportionment

Author(s): Soren Bo Nielsen, Pascalis Raimondos and Guttorm Schjelderup

Publication Date: June 2001

Keyword(s): Formula Apportionment, Separate Accounting, Tax Externalities and Transfer Prices

Programme Area(s): International Trade and Regional Economics and Public Economics

Abstract: It is observed in the real world that taxes matter for location decisions and that multinationals shift profits by transfer pricing. The US and Canada use Formula Apportionment (FA) to tax corporate income, and the EU is debating a switch from Separate Accounting (SA) to FA. This paper develops a theoretical model that compares basic properties of FA to SA. The focal point of the analysis is on how changes in tax rates affect capital formation, input choice, and transfer pricing as well as spillovers on tax revenue in other countries. The analysis shows that a move from SA to FA will not eliminate such spillovers and will, in cases identified in the paper, actually aggravate them.

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Bibliographic Reference

Nielsen, S, Raimondos, P and Schjelderup, G. 2001. 'Tax Spillovers under Separate accounting and Formula Apportionment'. London, Centre for Economic Policy Research.