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Title: Robustness of Adaptive Expectations as an Equilibrium Selection Device

Author(s): Martin Lettau and Timothy Van Zandt

Publication Date: July 2001

Keyword(s): adaptive expectations, inflation and stability

Programme Area(s): International Macroeconomics

Abstract: Dynamic models in which agents' behaviour depends on expectations of future prices or other endogenous variables can have steady states that are stationary equilibria for a wide variety of expectations rules, including rational expectations. When there are multiple steady states, stability is a criterion for selecting predictions of long-run outcomes among them. The purpose of this Paper is to study how sensitive stability is to certain details of the expectations rules, in a simple OLG model with constant government debt that is financed through seigniorage. We compare simple recursive learning rules, learning rules with vanishing gain, and OLS learning, and also relate these to expectational stability. One finding is that two adaptive expectation rules that differ only in whether they use current information can have opposite stability properties.

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Bibliographic Reference

Lettau, M and Van Zandt, T. 2001. 'Robustness of Adaptive Expectations as an Equilibrium Selection Device'. London, Centre for Economic Policy Research. https://cepr.org/active/publications/discussion_papers/dp.php?dpno=2882