Discussion Paper Details
Please find the details for DP3206 in an easy to copy and paste format below:
Title: Are Endowments Fate?
Author(s): Jeffrey B Nugent and James A Robinson
Publication Date: February 2002
Keyword(s): development, inequality, organization and political economy
Programme Area(s): Public Economics
Abstract: In recent theories of comparative development the role of institutional differences has been crucial. Yet what explains comparative institutional evolution? We investigate this issue by studying the coffee exporting economies of Latin America. While homogeneous in many ways, they experienced radically different paths of economic (and political) development which is conventional traced to the differential organization of the coffee industry. We show that the different forms that the coffee economy took in the 19th century was critically determined by the legal environment determining access to land, and that different laws resulted from differences in the nature of political competition. Our analysis suggests that explanations of institutional differences that stress economic fundamentals can only be part of the story. At least in the economies we study, while geography, factor endowments and technology are clearly important, their implications for the institutional structure and thus development are conditional on the form that political competition takes in society. Endowments are not fate.
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Nugent, J and Robinson, J. 2002. 'Are Endowments Fate?'. London, Centre for Economic Policy Research. https://cepr.org/active/publications/discussion_papers/dp.php?dpno=3206