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Title: Current Accounts in the Long and Short Run

Author(s): Aart Kraay and Jaume Ventura

Publication Date: July 2002

Keyword(s): current account adjustment, international capital flow and short- and long-run

Programme Area(s): International Macroeconomics

Abstract: Faced with income fluctuations, countries smooth their consumption by raising savings when income is high, and vice versa. How much of these savings do countries invest at home and abroad? In other words, what are the effects of fluctuations in savings on domestic investment and the current account? In the long-run, we find that countries invest the marginal unit of savings in domestic and foreign assets in the same proportions as in their initial portfolio, so that the latter is remarkably stable. In the short run, we find that countries invest the marginal unit of savings mostly in foreign assets, and only gradually do they rebalance their portfolio back to its original composition. This means that countries not only try to smooth consumption, but also domestic investment. To achieve this, they use foreign assets as a buffer stock.

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Bibliographic Reference

Kraay, A and Ventura, J. 2002. 'Current Accounts in the Long and Short Run'. London, Centre for Economic Policy Research. https://cepr.org/active/publications/discussion_papers/dp.php?dpno=3440