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Discussion Paper Details

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Title: The Impact of School Inputs on Student Performance: An Empirical Study of Private Schools in the UK

Author(s): Kathryn Graddy and Margaret Stevens

Publication Date: February 2003

Keyword(s): exam performance, private schools, school resources and teacher-pupil ratio

Programme Area(s): Labour Economics

Abstract: In this article, we report the results of an empirical study of the impact of school inputs on pupils’ performance in private (independent) schools in the United Kingdom. We use a new school-level panel dataset constructed from information provided by the Independent Schools Information Service (ISIS). We show a consistent negative relationship between the pupil-teacher ratio at a school and the average examination results at that school. Our estimates indicate that the relationship persists even when we are estimating ‘added-value’ models conditional on previous exam results. The results are noteworthy in comparison with studies for the state sector, relatively few of which have found a consistent and significant effect.

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Bibliographic Reference

Graddy, K and Stevens, M. 2003. 'The Impact of School Inputs on Student Performance: An Empirical Study of Private Schools in the UK'. London, Centre for Economic Policy Research. https://www.cepr.org/active/publications/discussion_papers/dp.php?dpno=3776