Discussion Paper Details
Please find the details for DP5470 in an easy to copy and paste format below:
Title: Central Bank Independence, Accountability and Transparency: Complements or Strategic Substitutes?
Author(s): Andrew Hughes Hallett and Jan Libich
Publication Date: January 2006
Keyword(s): accountability, central bank independence, inflation targeting, monitoring and transparency
Programme Area(s): International Macroeconomics
Abstract: The paper incorporates three institutional design features into a Kydland-Prescott, Barro-Gordon monetary policy game. It shows that goal-independence and goal-transparency (an explicit inflation target) at the central bank are substitute ?commitment technologies? that reduce inflation and build credibility. In addition, goal-transparency is shown to be socially superior as it also lowers public?s monitoring cost. Nevertheless, independent central bankers are less likely to embrace it if they perceive public scrutiny (accountability) as intrusive. Combining these findings implies that both goal-transparency and accountability will be negatively related to goal-independence for which we present empirical support using established indices. Our analysis further suggests that, to avoid an inferior equilibrium with opaque objectives and a ?democratic deficit?, institutional reforms should follow the Bank of England scenario, in which an explicit inflation target is first legislated and only then instrument (but not goal) independence granted.
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Hughes Hallett, A and Libich, J. 2006. 'Central Bank Independence, Accountability and Transparency: Complements or Strategic Substitutes?'. London, Centre for Economic Policy Research. https://cepr.org/active/publications/discussion_papers/dp.php?dpno=5470