Discussion Paper Details

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Title: Trading Population for Productivity: Theory and Evidence

Author(s): Oded Galor and Andrew Mountford

Publication Date: February 2008

Keyword(s): Demographic Transition, Growth, Human Capital and International Trade

Programme Area(s): International Trade and Regional Economics

Abstract: This research argues that the differential effect of international trade on the demand for human capital across countries has been a major determinant of the distribution of income and population across the globe. In developed countries the gains from trade have been directed towards investment in education and growth in income per capita, whereas a significant portion of these gains in less developed economies have been channelled towards population growth. Cross-country regressions establish that indeed trade has positive effects on fertility and negative effects on education in non-OECD economies, while inducing fertility decline and human capital formation in OECD economies.

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Bibliographic Reference

Galor, O and Mountford, A. 2008. 'Trading Population for Productivity: Theory and Evidence'. London, Centre for Economic Policy Research.