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Title: The Struggle for Palestinian Hearts and Minds: Violence and Public Opinion in the Second Intifada

Author(s): David A. Jaeger, Esteban F Klor, Sami Miaari and M. Daniele Paserman

Publication Date: April 2008

Keyword(s): Israeli Fatalities, Israeli-Palestinian Conflict, Palestinian Fatalities and Palestinian Public Opinion

Programme Area(s): Public Economics

Abstract: This paper examines how violence in the Second Intifada influences Palestinian public opinion. Using micro data from a series of opinion polls linked to data on fatalities, we find that Israeli violence against Palestinians leads them to support more radical factions and more radical attitudes towards the conflict. This effect is temporary, however, and vanishes completely within 90 days. We also find some evidence that Palestinian fatalities lead to the polarization of the population and to increased disaffection and a lack of support for any faction. Geographically proximate Palestinian fatalities have a larger effect than those that are distant, while Palestinian fatalities in targeted killings have a smaller effect relative to other fatalities. Although overall Israeli fatalities do not seem to affect Palestinian public opinion, when we divide those fatalities by the different factions claiming responsibility for them, we find some evidence that increased Israeli fatalities are effective in increasing support for the faction that claimed them.

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Bibliographic Reference

Jaeger, D, Klor, E, Miaari, S and Paserman, M. 2008. 'The Struggle for Palestinian Hearts and Minds: Violence and Public Opinion in the Second Intifada '. London, Centre for Economic Policy Research. https://cepr.org/active/publications/discussion_papers/dp.php?dpno=6793