Discussion Paper Details
Please find the details for DP6869 in an easy to copy and paste format below:
Title: The Rise and Fall of the Dollar, or When did the Dollar Replace Sterling as the Leading Reserve Currency?
Author(s): Barry Eichengreen and Marc Flandreau
Publication Date: June 2008
Keyword(s): international currency, international reserves and reserve currency
Programme Area(s): International Macroeconomics
Abstract: We present new evidence on the currency composition of foreign exchange reserves in the 1920s and 1930s. Contrary to the presumption that the pound sterling continued to dominate the U.S. dollar in central bank reserves until after World War II, we show that the dollar first overtook sterling in the mid-1920s. This suggests that the network effects thought to lend inertia to international currency status and to create incumbency advantages for the dominant international currency do not apply in the reserve currency domain. Our new evidence is similarly incompatible with the notion that there is only room in the market for one dominant reserve currency at a point in time. Our findings have important implications for our understanding of interwar monetary history but also for the prospects of the dollar and the euro as reserve currencies.
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Eichengreen, B and Flandreau, M. 2008. 'The Rise and Fall of the Dollar, or When did the Dollar Replace Sterling as the Leading Reserve Currency?'. London, Centre for Economic Policy Research. https://cepr.org/active/publications/discussion_papers/dp.php?dpno=6869