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Title: Macro-Hedging for Commodity Exporters

Author(s): Eduardo Borensztein, Olivier Jeanne and Damiano Sandri

Publication Date: October 2009

Keyword(s): commodity exports, default, futures, hedging, international reserves, options and precautionary savings

Programme Area(s): International Macroeconomics

Abstract: This paper uses a dynamic optimization model to estimate the welfare gains of hedging against commodity price risk for commodity-exporting countries. We show that the introduction of hedging instruments such as futures and options enhances domestic welfare through two channels. First, by reducing export income volatility and allowing for a smoother consumption path. Second, by reducing the country's need to hold foreign assets as precautionary savings (or by improving the country's ability to borrow against future export income). Under plausibly calibrated parameters, the second channel may lead to much larger welfare gains, amounting to several percentage points of annual consumption.

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Bibliographic Reference

Borensztein, E, Jeanne, O and Sandri, D. 2009. 'Macro-Hedging for Commodity Exporters'. London, Centre for Economic Policy Research. https://cepr.org/active/publications/discussion_papers/dp.php?dpno=7513