Discussion Paper Details

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Title: Screening, Competition, and Job Design: Economic Origins of Good Jobs

Author(s): Björn Bartling, Ernst Fehr and Klaus M. Schmidt

Publication Date: January 2010

Keyword(s): competition, complementarities, control, high-performance work systems, job design, reputation, screening, social preferences and trust

Programme Area(s): Public Economics

Abstract: In recent decades, many firms offered more discretion to their employees, often increasing the productivity of effort but also leaving more opportunities for shirking. These "high-performance work systems" are difficult to understand in terms of standard moral hazard models. We show experimentally that complementarities between high effort discretion, rent-sharing, screening opportunities, and competition are important driving forces behind these new forms of work organization. We document in particular the endogenous emergence of two fundamentally distinct types of employment strategies. Employers either implement a control strategy, which consists of low effort discretion and little or no rent-sharing, or they implement a trust strategy, which stipulates high effort discretion and substantial rent-sharing. If employers cannot screen employees, the control strategy prevails, while the possibility of screening renders the trust strategy profitable. The introduction of competition substantially fosters the trust strategy, reduces market segmentation, and leads to large welfare gains for both employers and employees.

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Bibliographic Reference

Bartling, B, Fehr, E and Schmidt, K. 2010. 'Screening, Competition, and Job Design: Economic Origins of Good Jobs'. London, Centre for Economic Policy Research.