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Title: Ethnic Identity and Labor-Market Outcomes of Immigrants in Europe

Author(s): Alberto Bisin, Eleonora Patacchini, Thierry Verdier and Yves Zenou

Publication Date: January 2011

Keyword(s): ethnic identity, first- and second-generation immigrants, integration policies and religion

Programme Area(s): Labour Economics and Public Economics

Abstract: Using data from the European Social Survey on most European countries, we look at the relationship between ethnic identity and employment prospects for immigrants from non-European countries. We find that a strong attachment to religion is associated with a lower probability of being employed. When we differentiate between first and second generations of immigrants, our evidence reveals signs of a cultural and economic integration of immigrants in Europe. However, when an extreme ethnic sentiment is preserved, the employment penalty is amplified. Our results also suggest that the strength of a person?s ethnic identity and its relationship with employment prospects may depend on the type of integration policy performed in the country where the immigrant lives. In particular, labor-market policies and family-reunion policies seem to facilitate the labor-market access to immigrants coming from non-European countries.

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Bibliographic Reference

Bisin, A, Patacchini, E, Verdier, T and Zenou, Y. 2011. 'Ethnic Identity and Labor-Market Outcomes of Immigrants in Europe'. London, Centre for Economic Policy Research. https://cepr.org/active/publications/discussion_papers/dp.php?dpno=8212