Discussion Paper Details

Please find the details for DP8339 in an easy to copy and paste format below:

Full Details   |   Bibliographic Reference

Full Details

Title: Does Parental Education Affect Fertility? Evidence from Pre-Demographic Transition Prussia

Author(s): Sascha O. Becker, Francesco Cinnirella and Ludger Woessmann

Publication Date: April 2011

Keyword(s): Demographic Transition, Female Education, Fertility and Nineteenth Century Prussia

Programme Area(s): Labour Economics

Abstract: While women's employment opportunities, relative wages, and the child quantity-quality trade-off have been studied as factors underlying historical fertility limitation, the role of parental education has received little attention. We combine Prussian county data from three censuses--1816, 1849, and 1867--to estimate the relationship between women?s education and their fertility before the demographic transition. Despite controlling for several demand and supply factors, we find a negative residual effect of women?s education on fertility. Instrumental-variable estimates, using exogenous variation in women's education driven by differences in landownership inequality, suggest that the effect of women?s education on fertility is causal.

For full details and related downloads, please visit:

Bibliographic Reference

Becker, S, Cinnirella, F and Woessmann, L. 2011. 'Does Parental Education Affect Fertility? Evidence from Pre-Demographic Transition Prussia'. London, Centre for Economic Policy Research.