Discussion Paper Details

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Title: Academic Dynasties: Decentralization and Familism in the Italian Academia

Author(s): Ruben Durante, Giovanna Labartino and Roberto Perotti

Publication Date: November 2011

Keyword(s): Civic capital, Familism and Higher education

Programme Area(s): Public Economics

Abstract: Decentralization can lead to "good" or "bad" outcomes depending on the socio-cultural norms of the targeted communities. We investigate this issue by looking at the evolution of familism and nepotism in the Italian academia before and after the 1998 reform, which decentralized the recruitment of professors from the national to the university level. To capture familism we use a novel dataset on Italian university professors between 1988 and 2008 focusing on the informative content of last names. We construct two indices of "homonymy" which capture the concentration of last names in a given academic department relative to that in the underlying general population. Our results suggest that increased autonomy by local university officials resulted in a significant increase in the incidence of familism in areas characterized by low civic capital but not in areas with higher civic capital.

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Bibliographic Reference

Durante, R, Labartino, G and Perotti, R. 2011. 'Academic Dynasties: Decentralization and Familism in the Italian Academia'. London, Centre for Economic Policy Research.