Discussion Paper Details

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Title: Non-cognitive skill formation in poor neighbourhoods of urban India

Author(s): Pramila Krishnan and Sofya Krutikova

Publication Date: July 2013

Keyword(s): non-cognitive skills and programme evaluation

Programme Area(s): Development Economics

Abstract: Recent labour market research has shown that a good education comprises investment in both cognitive and non-cognitive skills. We examine the impact of a long-term programme designed to raise non-cognitive skills of children and adolescents in slums in Bombay. We use a cross-cutting design with two comparison groups of peers for young adults who have attended the programme until leaving high school to analyse whether, compared to those from a similar environment and background, enrollment in the programme demonstrably raises such skills. We find evidence of substantial impacts on both self-esteem and self-efficacy (of about one standard deviation), as well as evidence of a smaller impact on life evaluation and aspirations. Furthermore, in line with the literature, both self-esteem and self-efficacy are positively related to success in school-leaving examinations and initial labour market outcomes.

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Bibliographic Reference

Krishnan, P and Krutikova, S. 2013. 'Non-cognitive skill formation in poor neighbourhoods of urban India'. London, Centre for Economic Policy Research.