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Title: Is Bank Debt Special for the Transmission of Monetary Policy? Evidence from the Stock Market

Author(s): Filippo Ippolito, Ali Ozdagli and Ander Perez Orive

Publication Date: October 2013

Keyword(s): bank financial health, bank lending channel, firm financial constraints, floating interest rates and monetary policy transmission

Programme Area(s): Financial Economics

Abstract: We combine existing balance sheet and stock market data with two new datasets to study whether, how much, and why bank lending to firms matters for the transmission of monetary policy. The first new dataset enables us to quantify the bank dependence of firms precisely, as the ratio of bank debt to total assets. We show that a two standard deviation increase in the bank dependence of a firm makes its stock price about 25% more responsive to monetary policy shocks. We explore the channels through which this effect occurs, and find that the stock prices of bank-dependent firms that borrow from financially weaker banks display a stronger sensitivity to monetary policy shocks. This finding is consistent with the bank lending channel, a theory according to which the strength of bank balance sheets matters for monetary policy transmission. We construct a new database of hedging activities and show that the stock prices of bank-dependent firms that hedge against interest rate risk display a lower sensitivity to monetary policy shocks. This finding is consistent with an interest rate pass-through channel that operates via the direct transmission of policy rates to lending rates associated with the widespread use of floating-rates in bank loans and credit line agreements.

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Bibliographic Reference

Ippolito, F, Ozdagli, A and Perez Orive, A. 2013. 'Is Bank Debt Special for the Transmission of Monetary Policy? Evidence from the Stock Market'. London, Centre for Economic Policy Research. https://cepr.org/active/publications/discussion_papers/dp.php?dpno=9696